A Comprehensive Understanding Of Lupus
What Exactly Is Lupus?
Lupus is a condition that occurs when the body’s own organs and tissues are attacked by the immune system. It is an inflammatory disease. Lupus can affect many parts of the body, including the lungs, heart, skin, joints, blood cells and brain.
What Are Some Of The Symptoms Of Lupus?
The symptoms a person experiences can vary, depending on the part of the body that is affected. Shortness of breath, memory loss, confusion, chest pain, dry eyes, fever and fatigue are some of the possible symptoms of lupus. For many patients, the symptoms come and go.
What Causes Lupus?
The exact causes of lupus are not clear. Scientists believe that both environmental and genetic factors trigger this condition. Excessive exposure to sun and the use of certain medications are some of the possible triggers.
Lupus Risk Factors
Lupus is more common in females. It is also more common in people who are between the ages of 15 and 40. Additionally, Hispanics, African Americans and Asians are more likely to be affected by this condition.
What Complications Can Result From Lupus?
Lupus has a tendency to weaken the immune system, which puts a person at risk for developing infections. Lupus can also increase the risk of cancer, heart disease and kidney failure. Furthermore, women with lupus are more likely to have complications during pregnancy.
The type of the treatment that the doctor prescribes depends on the symptoms that the patient is experiencing. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help reduce the swelling, fever and pain caused by lupus. There are over-the-counter and prescription medications.
Anti-malarial drugs, which are frequently prescribed to treat malaria, can be used to treat lupus. Corticosteroids are another class of medications that can be used to control inflammation. These medications are effective, but they do come with the risk of serious side effects. Some of those risks include thinning bones, weight gain and diabetes. Patients with severe lupus may be prescribed immune suppressants. Arava and Trexall are immune suppressants.
Lupus cannot be prevented because the causes of it are not understood. However, there are things that people can do to prevent flare ups. Avoiding the triggers, eating healthy and exercising may prevent flare-ups.